What would be your decision as a person at 2nd tier or above if you were A and the 20th day were now? How would you describe your decision based on integral theory (or more deeply, or on whatever logic)?
The following abbreviated story is from “Justice” by Michael J. Sandel.
(Please bring your mindfulness first before reading…)
"In the summer of 1884, four English sailors were stranded at sea in a small lifeboat, over a thousand miles from land. Their ship had gone down in a storm, and they had escaped to the lifeboat, with only two cans of preserved turnips and no fresh water. A was the captain, B was the first mate, and C was a sailor — “all men of excellent character,” according to newspaper accounts.
The fourth member of the crew was the cabin boy, D, age seventeen. He was an orphan, on his first long voyage at sea. He had signed up against the advice of his friends, “in the hopefulness of youthful ambition,” thinking the journey would make a man of him. Sadly, it was not to be.
From the lifeboat, the four stranded sailors watched the horizon, hoping a ship might pass and rescue them. For the first three days, they ate small rations of turnips. On the fourth day, they caught a turtle.
They subsisted on the turtle and the remaining turnips for the next few days. And then for eight days, they ate nothing.
By now D, the cabin boy, was lying in the corner of the lifeboat. He had drunk seawater, against the advice of the others, and become ill. He appeared to be dying. On the nineteenth day of their ordeal,
A, the captain, suggested drawing lots to determine who would die so that the others might live. But C refused, and no lots were drawn.
The next(20th) day came, and still no ship was in sight. A told C to avert his gaze and motioned to B that D had to be killed. A offered a prayer, told the boy his time had come, and then killed him with a penknife, stabbing him in the jugular vein. C emerged from his conscientious objection to share in the gruesome bounty. For four days, the three men fed on the body and blood of the cabin boy.
And then help came. A describes their rescue in his diary, with staggering euphemism: “On the 24th day, as we were having our breakfast,” a ship appeared at last. The three survivors were picked up. Upon their return to England…"
I think I need to give a little explanation. I was a little worried when I posted this question as it is an extreme case. But personally, I think this kind of case is happening to someone somewhere in this world, though it would not be dead or alive, but it could be the same tough and suffering to the one in the situation. See the newspaper - there are so many similar cases like that, but we just avoid being in the case or just criticize as the 3rd-person. So I raised this case - I would really like to hear how persons at 2nd-tier or above would decide, think and behave, not as an outsider, but as an insider; not as a philosopher, but as one of those living in a common daily life. And it will be really helpful to a person like me at 1st-tier to get diverse opinions, for us to be pulled up. I’d appreciate your sharing.