The New Axial Age: A Complex Integral Realist Perspective


Why do we do philosophy? For our innate love of wisdom, surely. But isn’t it also so we can better understand ourselves and the world in which we find ourselves so as to chart our way to our best possible futures? And if so, shouldn’t we try to do the best philosophy we can?

This quest is what motivated me to focus this episode of The Transformation Age on my guest Paul Marshall’s recent book A Complex Integral Realist Perspective: Toward a New Axial Vision, one of a few recent groundbreaking efforts to attempt to coordinate the findings of the three grandest integrative metatheories on the scene today—Integral Philosophy, Critical Realism and Complex Thought—into a broader matrix that might suggest how and why we’re entering a new Axial age, an Axial 2.0, 2,500 years after the original started.

Needless to say, this is a really big conversation that can barely scratch the surface of the territory it exposes. But during our time together you’ll hear Paul, myself and our brilliant trialogue partner and integral philosophy professor Bruce Alderman explore how over the last decade there has been the emergence of thinking that looks at the strengths, and limitations, of each of the three leading-edge integrative metatheories and their key contributors (Ken Wilber, Roy Bhaskar, and Edgar Morin, respectively).

As we do so, we see not so much an Uber Theory emerging as much as a broader Complex Integral Realist perspective emerge, an intellectual ecology of frames, distinctions, methods & practices informed by the best of each of these three big metatheories (with much help from elsewhere).

And you’ll hear about Paul’s journey through this fascinating terrain:

  • The organic unfolding of his work from Integral Theory (IT) to Critical Realism (CR) and then on to the early cross-pollinating CRIT symposiums, and finally to Complex Integral Realism (CIR), a New Axial Vision and Axial 2.0
  • Paul’s version of CIR: how the 3 integrative metatheories complement each other, their common ground and areas of cross-fertilisation, their strengths and shortcomings
  • Paul’s analysis and concept of a New Axial Vision (NAV), including:  
    • The nature of the Axial Age leap in consciousness and its relevance to today
    • Four biases of the western tradition—an analytical bias, epistemological bias, presence bias and exterior bias—and the remedies that CIR might offer
    • Contours of a NAV in four areas: a new creation story, and deeper, more integrative cognition, ethics, and spirituality.
    • Axial 2.0: How the metacrisis demands an Axial Age-type shift and transition towards a Eudaimonistic Society, with some broad Axial 2.0 moves and core practices that might facilitate such a shift.

I believe that to bring an Integral Eudaimonia more concretely into being, we owe a debt to the incredible intellectual efforts of people like Paul (and Bruce, whose own important contribution to this field might soon be featured on TTA). Doing so asks us to understand the long arc of a 2,500 year Axial Age which, were its contradictions and blindpots healed, may indeed culminate in the coming centuries in the promise of such a eudaimonistic society tailored for individual liberation, social emancipation, and overall human flourishing.


So the 1st Axial age coincides with founding of Christianity and expansion of Western Civilization… How does this 2nd Axial Age compare or contrast to the 2nd Coming of Jesus Christ?